History

Ferryland is a town in Newfoundland and Labrador on the Avalon Peninsula. According to the 2006 Statistics Canada census, its population is 529.

Ferryland was established as a station for migratory fishermen in the late 16th century but had earlier been used by the French, Spanish, and Portuguese. By the 1590s it was one of the most popular fishing harbours in Newfoundland and acclaimed by Sir Walter Raleigh. The land was granted by charter to the London and Bristol Company in the 1610s and the vicinity became the location of a number of short-lived colonies at Cuper’s Cove, Bristol’s Hope, and Renews and adjoined the colony of South Falkland. In 1620 the territory was granted to George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore who had obtained the holdings from William Vaughan.In 1693 Calvert appointed Edward Wynne to establish a colony which became the first successful permanent colony in Newfoundland growing to a population of 100 by 1625. In 1623, Calvert’s grant was confirmed and expanded. The Charter of Avalon was granted to Lord Baltimore by James I. Dated 7 April 1623 it created the Province of Avalon on the island of Newfoundland and gave Baltimore complete authority over all matters in the territory. That same year Baltimore chose Ferryland as the principle area of settlement. Ferryland was called “Farilham” by the Portuguese fishermen and “Forillon” by the French-it later became anglicized to its current name “Ferryland.”